- Shibboleth – pronounced shibboleth (שִׁבֹּלֶת) east of the river, but pronounced sibboleth (סִבֹּלֶת) west of the river.
- Read the story in the book of Judges, Chapters 11-12
- It happened in 1097 BC, about 223 years before Elijah first talked with King Ahab, about 874 BC
It seems no one wore shirts in 871 BC. The closest thing to a modern shirt was the כֻּתֹּנֶת keh-TOH-net. Most hung from neck to ankles and buttoned at the throat.
These drawings in an Egyptian tomb show people from the East — perhaps the Middle East — entering Egypt about 1900 BC. Notice how the outer garment serves as a wrap that leaves one shoulder and both arms free. The nearest Biblical contemporaries of these people were the earliest of Hebrews, such as Abraham.
The next photo shows a rare depiction of Hebrew clothing. King Jehu, or possibly Jehu’s ambassador, kneels at the feet of Shalmaneser III on the Black Obelisk.
The Yarmuk River נהר הירמוך, Nahar HaYarmukh (sometimes spelled Yarmouk) runs in modern Jordan, Syria, and Israel from the north and the east.
The Yarmuk enters the Jordan River near the south end of the Sea of Galilee.
It is the largest tributary of the Jordan River.
This gorgeous bird inspired several poems, including “The Yellowhammer’s Nest” by John Clare.
Its melodic song influenced the compositions of Beethoven.