What’s What

Glossary

Elijah’s Father’s Donkeys

  1. Balak
  2. Bamoth
  3. Beor
  4. Bilaam
  5. Cyprus
  6. Euphrates
  7. Huzoth
  8. Moab
  9. Pethor
  10. Zippor
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Main Cities

  • Ramon
  • Jabesh
  • Edrei

Small Towns

  • Abel, Beth Arbel, Penuel, Ham, Lo Debar, Rephaim, Pehel, Zaphan, Deir Alla, Zarethan, Mahanaim, Betonim, Jazer, Jogbehah, Adam, and Ramath Mizpeh
Category: Glossary

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Category: Glossary

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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zarqa_River

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Jabesh (YAH-besh יבש) was a town on the east bank of the Jordan River, overlooking the Yarmuk River from the top of one of the many green hills of Gilead.

People in Jabesh could see the city of Beth-shan on the west bank of the Jordan.

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An inland trade route from Egypt across the Sinai Peninsula to Aqaba, north across Transjordan, to Damascus and the Euphrates River.

In modern JordanHighways 35 and 15 follow this route from Aqaba to Irbid.

Wiki on King’s Highway

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  • Shibboleth – pronounced shibboleth (שִׁבֹּלֶת) east of the river, but pronounced sibboleth (סִבֹּלֶת) west of the river.
  • Read the story in the book of Judges, Chapters 11-12
  • It happened in 1097 BC, about 223 years before Elijah first talked with King Ahab, about 874 BC
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It seems no one wore shirts in 871 BC. The closest thing to a modern shirt was the כֻּתֹּנֶת keh-TOH-net. Most hung from neck to ankles and buttoned at the throat.

These drawings in an Egyptian tomb show people from the East — perhaps the Middle East — entering Egypt about 1900 BC.  Notice how the outer garment serves as a wrap that leaves one shoulder and both arms free. The nearest Biblical contemporaries of these people were the earliest of Hebrews, such as Abraham.

This photo is by NebMaatRa – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

The next photo shows a rare depiction of Hebrew clothing. King Jehu, or possibly Jehu’s ambassador, kneels at the feet of Shalmaneser III on the Black Obelisk.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_clothing

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Wineskins made from the skin of a goat held 30 to 40 liters

Max per donkey = 150 lbs

  • 30 liters weighs 66 lb.
  • 40 liters weighs 88 lb.

So two skins would weigh from 132 – 198 lb.

Here’s a modern wineskin holding rack:

Category: Glossary

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The Yarmuk River נהר הירמוך‎, Nahar HaYarmukh (sometimes spelled Yarmouk) runs in modern Jordan, Syria, and Israel from the north and the east.

The Yarmuk enters the Jordan River near the south end of the Sea of Galilee.

It is the largest tributary of the Jordan River.

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  • Years – שנים – pronounced shah-nim by people east of the Jordan River, but sah-nim by those west of the river.
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The black-and-yellowed spotted Yellowhammer (Emberiza Citrinella) is one of Israel’s most beautiful birds.

This gorgeous bird inspired several poems, including “The Yellowhammer’s Nest” by John Clare.

Its melodic song influenced the compositions of Beethoven.

From the Grapevine

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Holidays

Sitting Shiva

Category: Holidays

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Rosh Hashanah – Head of the Year

Category: Holidays

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